Several education reforms have been undertaken since independence to address the challenges facing the education sector and to keep up with the ever changing world. This ensures that the content being taught is relevant and adequately responds to the current and emerging trends while solving the world problems promptly.
Education and training in Kenya is currently being governed by the basic education act of 2013.
The current education system being implemented is the 2-6-3-3- based on the competency based curriculum.
Education reforms in Kenya
Let’s find out where the education reforms have originated and where they are now;
The Ominde commission 1964
This was the first commission after independence. It came up with the report of the Kenya education commission in 1964.
It sought to reform the education system to make it responsive to the needs of the country by then. The commission proposed an education system that would foster national unity and create sufficient human capital for national development.
The Ominde report was formally adopted in 1965 as a basis for post-independence educational developments.
Some of the recommendations of the Ominde Commission were;
- Free primary education.
- Creation of the 7-4-2-3 system of education i.e. seven years of primary,4 years of secondary ,2 years of secondary education and 3 years of university education.
- Regulation of harambee schools.
- Singing of the Kenyan national anthem in schools.
- Raising of the Kenyan flag in schools.
- Use of the English language as a medium of teaching.
- Establishment of the East African Examinations Board to replace the Cambridge University Local Examinations Syndicate.
- Offering of bursaries to African children.
- Creation of national secondary schools.
The Gachathi Report 1976
The National Committee on Education objectives and policies focused on redefining Kenya’s educational policies and objectives taking into consideration national unity and the economic, social and cultural aspirations of the Kenyan people.
It resulted in government’s support for ‘Harambee schools’ and led to the establishments of the Kenya Institute of Education .
The Mackay report 1981
The report of the presidential party on the second university in Kenya led to the removal of the advanced A level of secondary education and the expansion of other post-secondary training institutions.
It led to the establishment of Moi university ,the 8-4-4 system of education and the commission of higher education.